Opiate/Opioid Addiction & Detox Treatment
Opiates/Opioid imitate endorphins, causing a feeling of euphoria.
For this reason it is used as both a pain killer and as a recreational drug. However, frequent administration of the drug leads to a high potential for causing addiction similar to how most cases of prescription addiction form and seeking rehab for opiates is essential. Withdrawal is also highly likely. If one uses prescription opiates or heroin continuously for three days and then stops abruptly, it is possible to have symptoms of withdrawal. This occurs much faster than with other pain killers like oxycodone and hydrocodone.
If one looks back historically, derivatives of the opium poppy have been used for centuries as it is a very effective analgesic. This is not to imply however, that use of the opium is safe or advisable in excess. Some of the side effects of opiates include:
- Psychological and physical dependence
- Body as a whole – muscle spasticity
- Respiratory – difficulty breathing, slow, shallow and labored breathing, stopped breathing (sometimes fatal within 2-4 hours)
- Eyes, ears, nose and throat – pinpoint pupils
- Gastrointestinal – constipation, spasms of the stomach and intestinal tract
- Heart and blood vessels – low blood pressure
- Nervous system – drowsiness, disorientation, coma
With the public awareness increasing around the opioid epidemic it is baffling that this number is increasing, rather than decreasing. As cited there are guidelines for primary care physicians that should be followed for general use. But unfortunately for those in recovery the responsibility is still on the patient to disclose their recovery status and be assertive in requesting alternatives, not a simple feat especially when sick and/or in pain.