Crack Cocaine is a powerfully addictive drug.
Even with short-term use, many individuals experience withdrawal symptoms when they stop using crack. The symptoms are more pronounced in individuals who have been using crack for a long time and in high doses.
Individuals addicted to crack are unable to improve without medical treatment. The physical and psychological dependence on crack is intense, and most find it difficult to get out of the addictive cycle. The withdrawal symptoms include intense cravings, irritability, hunger, anxiety, and paranoia. These feelings prevent the individual from ceasing crack use.
Crack cocaine treatment is best done as an inpatient. The treatment is done with a multidisciplinary team that may require the use of behavior, medication and improvements in the social status of the patient.
Crack cocaine can affect various organ systems, and the side effects are numerous. It can cause:
- Increased blood pressure and heart rate
- Increased respiration
- Nausea and vomiting
- Anxiety and hyperactivity
- Decreased appetite
- Decreased need for sleep
- Damaged damage to the nasal septum and lungs
- Heart attacks and strokes
Because crack is rapidly absorbed into the body at high levels, the chances of overdosing are also high. Once the intense high subsides a feeling of depression then sets in therefore making the user want to use the drug again. During the crack high, users have decreased concentration and can be irritable. Frequent use of cocaine is associated with paranoid psychosis, hallucinations, and violent behavior.
Because crack cocaine is combined with a number of impure substances, the chances of side effects and toxicity are always present. In addition, the toxicity of crack is always increased because the majority of crack users also abuse other illicit drugs.
If you or a loved one is struggling with a crack cocaine addiction, AToN Center’s private drug rehab offers a multitude of programs that can help you, including our-12 Step, SMART and Non-12 Step rehab programs.