Whether or not MDMA is addictive is somewhat controversial.
Some scientists have found that MDMA meets at least half the criteria of a dependence-inducing drug; however, other researchers argue that it is less addictive than alcohol and tobacco. It is generally acknowledged that some users of MDMA display characteristics of dependence. Further, addiction is more likely in those individuals who use larger doses of the drug for longer periods of time.
The long-term adverse effects of MDMA are also heavily debated, although there is some evidence that consistent use of MDMA may induce ‘hallucinogen persisting perception disorder’. Tolerance of MDMA, where users need to take increasingly large doses to induce the same effect, is however, well-established.
MDMA users may encounter problems similar to those experienced by amphetamine and cocaine users, including addiction. In addition to its rewarding effects, MDMA’s psychological effects can include confusion, depression, sleep problems, anxiety, and paranoia during, and sometimes weeks after, taking the drug. Physical effects can include muscle tension, involuntary teeth-grinding, nausea, blurred vision, faintness, and chills or sweating.
The designer drug ecstasy, or MDMA, causes long-lasting damage to brain areas.
If you or someone you know has an addiction to MDMA, AToN Center offers the best drug rehab treatment to help you recover.